Situada no município de Baependi, sul de Minas Gerais,
tem também plantio e manejo de candeia (uma espécie de árvore bastante
adaptável a terrenos pobres e secos, sendo muito utilizada para a composição de
reflorestamentos e em áreas degradadas).
Fazenda Trapiá was purchased
by Andréa de Souza Rangel and Renato Pita Maciel de Moura, immediately upon
their retirement from their urban jobs in Rio de Janeiro city. Although neither
Renato nor Andréa had had any experience in agricultural business, they had
always dreamed of living in the countryside. Trapiá presented not only the
perfect opportunity to fulfill their life-long fondness of farming, but also the finest
growing conditions for coffee, of which they have made the most. When the
couple bought the farm in 2005,
there were only 20,000 coffee trees planted and no
infrastructure whatsoever. The farm now has 70 hectares of planted coffee (with
around 190,000 plants) and the new owners have built state of the art processing
infrastructure. Today the couple live on the farm half their time and have
succeeded in achieving BSCA and UTZ certifications.
activities at Trapiá include sustainable forestry, olive trees and honey
production with a local beekeeper. Some 40,000 Candeia trees (a native species)
have been planted on the farm and are selectively and sustainably harvested once
every ten years. 50% of the farm is under conservation, and there are
several springs and falls in the farm perimeters, all of them preserved.
Environmental programs currently in effect include the planting of native tree
species and the establishing of a wildlife corridor, in partnership with
Coffee in Trapiá is either
hand harvested, by means of the stripping method, or else machine harvested,
where the terrain allows. Coffee cherries are separated by density and are
pulped on the same day, as they are harvested before proceeding to their
processing methods. All lots begin their drying on the patio, though some are
finished at low, constant heat in the farm’s rotative mechanical dryers.
Throughout all stages, the drying process is controlled through periodic
humidity measurements, which use a precise capacitance device. The farm has
also got its own dry mill. All the processing residues are ecologically managed
and then used as fertilizer.
Trapiá employs 13 workers
during the low season and up to 25 during the harvest season. In addition to
providing livable wages, the farm promotes lectures on health and hygiene,
nutrition, and environmental care, for all employees and their families. All the
workers housed in the farm (currently 2 families) have confortable houses,
electricity, septic tanks, wood burning stoves and hot water, all provided by
the farm, in addition to their regular wages. All the children are driven to
the local school by the municipality, which also provides health care. Staff
turnover rate is very low – surely an extension of the farm’s ethical approach
to their workers.
Recently, the owners have
installed photovoltaic pannels, and built both a tasting room and a coffee lab.